Tag Archive | Know

Houston Gynecologist-What Every Woman Needs To Know About Endometriosis

Experimental harvest of provitamin A-enriched orange maize, Zambia
woman health
Image by CIMMYT
Ears of orange maize lines following harvesting, on experimental plots at the Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI). This maize is orange because it contains high levels of beta-carotene, the same substance that give carrots their color. Beta-carotene is a provitamin, and is converted to vitamin A within the human body.

Maize is the staple food for more than one billion people in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America, but it is generally poor in provitamin A. It is estimated that between one third and half of all Zambian children suffer from vitamin A deficiency, which weakens their vision and immune systems, retards their growth, makes them more vulnerable to various diseases, and reduces their quality of life. In all, night blindness and other health problems caused by vitamin A deficiency affect more than 5 million children and nearly 10 million pregnant women, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

CIMMYT works with ZARI as part of HarvestPlus, a CGIAR challenge program that uses biofortification to improve the nutritional value of staple foods. The HarvestPlus maize team uses conventional breeding to create maize hybrids and open-pollinated varieties rich in provitamin A. In the research shown here, ZARI is evaluating advanced experimental varieties for yield and agronomic characteristics; the best of these will be tested for provitamin A content. Furthermore, scientists in CIMMYT and other organizations are now producing a new generation of varieties with more provitamin A than ever before. Alleles that can boost beta-carotene levels in grain, rare and previously found only in temperate maize, are being bred into tropical maize for developing countries.

For more about CIMMYT’s work in breeding biofortified maize rich in provitamin A, see the following e-news stories:
– "Rare genetic variant in maize gives grain more pro-vitamin A", 2010, available online at: www.cimmyt.org/newsletter/231-2010/617-rare-genetic-varia….
– "Formula for success", 2007, available online at: www.cimmyt.org/newsletter/63-2007/203-formula-for-success.

For more on the HarvestPlus’s Maize Team meeting, hosted in 2010 by ZARI, see CIMMYT’s blog story "Benefits of biofortification explored during meeting in Zambia" at: blog.cimmyt.org/?p=3468.

For more on HarvestPlus, see: www.harvestplus.org/.

Photo credit: CIMMYT.

Endometrium

The type of tissue that is found in the inner lining of the uterus is known as the endometrium tissue. This tissue can develop outside of the uterus, in such cases it causes a condition known as endometriosis.

The average menstrual cycle for a woman is 28 days, and during those twenty eight days the inner lining of the uterus goes through a few changes. In order to prepare for pregnancy, the endometrium thickens as it develops. Should there not be a pregnancy; the tissue is then shed via bleeding. This bleeding is caused by the hormones progesterone and estrogen and it happened monthly.

Endometriosis

The endometrium that develops outside of the uterus still behaves as though it was growing inside the uterus. If the tissue is growing outside the uterus it may also develop in other areas:

Fallopian Tubes

Rectal portion of the colon

Ovary

Surface of the uterus

Ureters and bladder

Bowel

The cul-de-sac

Inside lining of the abdomen

Pelvis and abdomen

There are rare cases where the endometrium has/will grow in unrelated areas of the body. Should the endometrium develop in the ovaries it can cause a cysts, this cyst like condition is called endometrioma.

Endometrial tissue, whether inside or outside of the uterus, is affected by the woman’s menstrual cycle, especially the hormones progesterone and estrogen. The reaction of the endometrium comes in the form of monthly bleeding. If the monthly bleeding happens outside of the uterus it can cause scar tissue to develop, this scar tissue is also known as adhesions. Adhesions or scarring can cause discomfort and pain. There are times that the adhesions can bind organs together. The symptoms will worsen if not treated.

Cause

Unfortunately, there isn’t a clear cause of endometriosis. There are a couple of theories, during the menstrual period, there is a small amount of blood cells that flow from the fallopian tubes into the abdomen. If a woman has endometriosis, these blood cells stick to the pathway and start to develop there instead of flowing out as they should. There is another theory that endometrial cells are carried to other areas of the body by the lymph and the blood vessels.

Women at Risk

The majority of women that are dealing with endometriosis are between the ages of 30 and 40. This doesn’t mean that women of other ages are not affected. Endometriosis can affect anyone female that menstruates. Those that menstruate but do not procreate are commonly affected by this condition. Family history may also play a role in whether a woman suffers from endometriosis. It has been noted that women who have a sister, mother or daughter with endometriosis increases the likelihood that she will have endometriosis. It has also been found that 75% of all women suffering from chronic pelvic pain also have endometriosis.

Symptoms

Difficulty conceiving

Pelvic Pain

Frequent menstrual bleeding more than every month

Pain during bowel movements, during sex, just prior to or during menstruation, or during urination.

These symptoms can also be indicative of other health issues as well. It is important that if any of these symptoms are noticed you consult your Houston Gynecologist.

Note the severity of the condition is not necessarily one and the same with the level of pain felt. The pain can be mild to moderate and the severity of the condition can be quite severe. Conversely, the pain can be intense and the severity of the condition very mild. There may be no pain felt at all, unfortunately this makes it difficult for a woman to know she has a condition that requires medical attention. The only way she finds out is that she attempts to get pregnant. One third of all infertile women also have endometriosis.

Diagnosis

You should contact your Houston Gynecologist if you notice any of the signs or symptoms of endometriosis. They may want to do a pelvic exam. If all other causes of pelvic pain can be ruled out, endometriosis can be treated without surgery or further examinations.

Endometriosis can be severe, moderate or mild. The best way to determine the severity if the case is via laparoscopy procedure. This will allow the doctor to look inside the body. Should they find any endometrial tissue upon exam they may opt to remove the tissue right away. This is all done under general anesthesia.

Treatment

The severity of your endometriosis will determine the treatment option your Houston Gynecologist will recommend. Treatment will also be impacted by your decision on future pregnancies. Treatment for endometriosis generally consists of medication or surgery or the combination of both. Treatment will alleviate infertility and pain, but these symptoms can reoccur after treatment.

Learn more about endometriosis. Stop by Lisa P. Otey, MD’s site where you can find out all about thisHouston Gynecologist and what she can do for you.

Penis Health Watch: What Men Need to Know About Yeast Infections

Cracked Open: Liberty, Fertility, and the Pursuit of High-tech Babies
woman health
Image by DES Daughter
Cracked Open is Miriam Zoll’s eye-opening account of growing into womanhood with the simultaneous opportunities offered by the women’s movement and new discoveries in reproductive technologies. Influenced by pervasive media and cultural messages suggesting that science had finally eclipsed Mother Nature, Zoll –– like millions of women –– delays motherhood until the age of 40.

When things don’t progress as she had hoped, she and her husband enter a science-fiction world of medical seduction, capitalist conception and bioethical quagmires. Desperate to conceive, they turn to unproven treatments and procedures only to learn that the odds of becoming parents through reproductive medicine are far less than they and their generation had been led to believe..

More information

AmazonFacebookInterlink Books

Related post

My IVF Treatments: learning the hard Way that Science has Not outsmarted Mother Nature…

Many guys assume that yeast infections are a women’s issue, and that they don’t really impact penis health. However, if a man’s partner suspects that she may have this common (and generally harmless) malady, he should take measures to protect his own sexual health. The truth is, men can get yeast infections – and they’re less likely than females to know they have them. Here’s what you need to know about yeast infections and how they can impact men’s health.

What Is a Yeast Infection?

Yeast live all over the human body and are typically present in a normal, healthy vagina. These organisms thrive in warm, moist environments, so this part of a woman’s body is ideal for habitation. Women generally always have yeast in their vaginas – however, they can become a problem when growth becomes uncontrolled.

The most common type of yeast to inhabit the vagina is called Candida albicans. Its growth is naturally kept in check by a healthy bacteria called lactobacillus. Does that term sound familiar? If so, it’s probably because you’ve heard about it as a probiotic. These healthy bacteria line our gut and intestinal tract, and they are also present in the vagina; their presence prevents yeast from overgrowing.

However, if a woman’s system is out of whack, she may not have enough healthy bacteria to keep the yeast in check. Often, yeast infections arise as a result of taking antibiotics, as they kill off the healthy bacteria within the microbiome. Other causes of yeast infections include wearing tight clothing, being pregnant and taking birth control pills.

How do Yeast Infections Impact Men?

So what does this mean for men, exactly? If a man’s partner has a yeast infection, it’s possible that she could transmit it via sexual intercourse. Therefore, men should be extra-aware of the possibility of a yeast infection if they are having sex with a woman who has one (however, according to Healthline, this generally uncomplicated malady is not considered an STI). On the other hand, this is not the only way for men to become infected.

Remember how we explained that candida (yeast) naturally live in the body? They also live on the surface of the skin, including the head of the penis. Aside from having intercourse with a woman who has a yeast infection, men can get them by taking antibiotics or by wearing tight or damp clothing for extended periods of time. Men who

Symptoms of Male Yeast Infections

According to the Mayo Clinic, men who experience the following symptoms should get checked for a yeast infection:
* Itching of the penis;
* Redness of the penile skin;
* A burning sensation during urination;
* Moist skin (sometimes tinted with a creamy white glaze) or abnormal shininess around the penis area.

How to Treat a Male Yeast Infection

Because the symptoms of a yeast infection resemble those of numerous other conditions, it is important to see a doctor the first time you experience them to rule out any other conditions. Most yeast infections are easily treated with an over-the-counter antifungal cream.

Additionally, if your partner is infected, be sure you are both treated. You may also want to abstain from intercourse until the problem is taken care of, as it’s possible for sexual partners to keep re-infecting each other.

Preventing Male Yeast Infections

To prevent yeast infections from occurring, if men who aren’t circumcised should be sure to keep the penis area clean and well-moisturized, and allow it to “breathe” every once in a while by wearing loose-fitting clothing, as yeast overgrowth often becomes an issue when the body is sweaty and not exposed to air flow.

Keeping the penis clean by washing with a mild cleanser and allowing it to air-dry is always a safe bet. Keep the area moisturized afterward to keep the skin healthy and vibrant. A penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) that contains high-quality moisturizing agents such as vitamin E and Shea butter is an optimum way to keep the penis skin hydrated and healthy, helping men to avoid some of the conditions that can promote fungal overgrowth.

Visit www.menshealthfirst.com for more information about treating common penis health problems, including soreness, redness and loss of penis sensation. John Dugan is a professional writer who specializes in men’s health issues and is an ongoing contributing writer to numerous online web sites.

More Woman Health Articles

Penis Health – What a Woman Should Know About Her Man’s Business

Olga Spessiva in Swan Lake costume, 1934 / photographer Sydney Fox Studio, 3rd Floor, 88 King St, Sydney
woman health
Image by State Library of New South Wales collection
For the sad life story of Olga Spessivtzeva (billed Spessiva for phonic simplicity or maybe to make the name more the same length as "Pavlova" who had toured six years before on her Australian tour); and the part Australia played in her life, see the Valerie Lawson article: The life of Olga Spessivtseva: spies, delusions and the comfort of dolls ( dancelines.com.au/research/the-life-of-olga-spessivtseva-… )

Note on the name: Spessivtzeva has signed the photogrpah "Olga Spessiva"

Format: Photograph

Find more detailed information about this photograph: acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/item/itemDetailPaged.aspx?itemID=442191

Search for more great images in the State Library’s collections: acms.sl.nsw.gov.au/search/SimpleSearch.aspx

From the collection of the State Library of New South Wales www.sl.nsw.gov.au

Penis health is technically a man’s issue, but as most women know, men do not always stay on top of their personal health issues the way they should. Therefore, it’s beneficial for a woman to know a little about male organ health, if for no other reason than to know whether to worry when her guy says he has a sore penis. Proper penis care can become a team effort between a man and his partner. That not only ensures that his member will be in optimal health, but it can provide a bonding experience for the man and woman as well.

It’s not always ready for action.
Men like to make out that they are so sex-obsessed that their penises will spring to attention at the drop of a hat. While it’s true that men like sex (a lot!), it’s also true that sometimes the penis doesn’t always jump to an erect state at the slightest stimulation. This is not usually a comment on how alluring a woman is; it may mean that the man is tired, stressed, uncomfortable, not feeling in the best of health, sad, or preoccupied with other thoughts at the moment. In some instances, it can mean that there is a physical cause, such as anemia or diabetes. Sometimes, medications that a man is taking can also cause erectile issues.

Firmness can vary.
The firmness of a man’s erection can vary significantly from one time to the next. If a woman is used to a man having a very firm erection, she should not worry if it is not always as engorged; however, a woman should take note if loss of firmness – or, as above, lack of readiness for sexual activity – continues for an extended period of time. This could mean there is a physical issue that a doctor may need to look into.

Penis odor is common.
The pubic bush causes the crotch to be warm, a situation which is worsened by the penis being kept hidden behind two layers of clothing. Sweat accumulates easily, and even men who wash thoroughly and regularly may find that they carry a certain aroma with them more than they would like.

Penis skin is sensitive.
As many women have noticed, the skin on the penis is very thin, especially in men who have been circumcised and lack the protective foreskin layer. This by itself makes the penis skin sensitive to chemicals, so that many soaps and detergents can cause a skin issue to flare up. Skin rashes, pimples, and spots are common on the penis and the surrounding area.

Some blemishes are not unusual.
There are several common penis blemishes that many women (and men) think must be harmful but are in fact harmless. Hirsuties coronae glandis, more commonly called Pearly Penile Papules or PPP, are very common. PPP is a row (or rows) of small, raised bumps that typically form a ring around the bottom of the glans penis. Fordyce spots are small sebaceous glands that look like tiny little white or red dots.

Slight bends are okay.
Some penises are straight as a ruler, but most have some bit of curvature to them. Unless the bending is extreme (called Peyronie’s disease), it is fine; however, sometimes bending occurs because of a build-up of scar tissue, which can have a negative effect on penis sensitivity and function.

One thing men need to do to maintain penis health is to daily use a superior penis nutrient cream (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil). A cream with vitamin A can help to address unwanted penis odor, while one with a high-end emollient (think Shea butter) is excellent for damaged penis skin. And if impaired sensitivity is an issue, a cream with acetyl L carnitine, which is neuroprotective, should definitely be used. The best help a woman may be able to give her man is to make sure he uses a quality cream regularly.

Visit www.man1health.com for more information about treating common penis health problems, including soreness, redness and loss of penis sensation. John Dugan is a professional writer who specializes in men’s health issues and is an ongoing contributing writer to numerous online web sites.

Related Woman Health Articles